“Mediterranean Diet and the Gut Microbiome”
This study will evaluate the impact of a Mediterranean-style diet on microbiome diversity compared to a typical American diet. The study will observe the microbiome composition comparisons in healthy volunteers as well as in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea (IBS-D) to see if the consumption of a Mediterranean-style diet has a positive effect on improving symptoms of IBS-D.
According to National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) data, the nutritional composition of the baseline typical American diet is 50%Carbohydrates, 15% Protein, 35% Fat, >11% Saturated Fatty Acids, <12% Monounsaturated Fatty Acids, and >8% Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Participants will receive 3 meals and 1 snack for each day during the study period.
The nutritional composition of the baseline typical Mediterranean-style diet is 46% Carbohydrates/Alcohol (red wine will be included in the Mediterranean diet only), 17% Protein, 32% Fat, <7% Saturated Fatty Acids, >18% Monounsaturated Fatty Acids and <5% Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Participants will receive 3 meals and 1 snack for each day during the study period.
Impact of the Mediterranean Diet on the Gut Microbiome and Symptoms of Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome