“Robotic Pedaling Therapy for Targeted Neural Plasticity”
The aim of this Pilot study is to determine whether robotically targeted lower-limb pedaling therapy can increase the extent of stroke recovery on behavioral measures and induce brain plasticity as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Forty (40) adult stroke patients and 80 healthy controls will be enrolled in this study. Of the 40 patients, half will be randomly assigned to the robotically-targeted training ("robotic") group and will receive training on the targeted training task. The other half of the patients will perform a duration-matched aerobic pedaling exercise ("control" group). All stroke patients will be scanned before and after their training program while performing or imagining simple motor tasks. Behavioral assessments of motor and cognitive capacities will be collected at each timepoint. Healthy control subjects enrolled for device testing (20) will receive up to 5 training sessions in a modified robotic paradigm and 1 fMRI scan, in order to investigate motor learning and brain activity in a novel motor control task. Additional healthy pilot subjects (up to 60) will test training protocols and assessments during preparatory design phases of the project.
Device - Robotic therapy
The "Robotic" group will use a robotic training protocol to incentivize recovery of motor control by changing task demands throughout the training period. One or more target tasks will be chosen to mimic different sub-functions of gait, including some which are not normally excited in typical cycling behavior. Also, tasks may be designed to target non-gait motions such as hip ab/adduction. The required task may be changed periodically. This therapy protocol will occupy 30 minutes of each trainin ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org
Device - Aerobic therapy
The Control group protocol is identical to that of the Robotic group, except the robotically-incentivized exercise is replaced with an aerobic exercise. This intervention emulates a commercial motorized exercise bike to improve cardiovascular unfitness contributions to gait impairment. This therapy implements assist-as-needed and constant-velocity control. The patient's target pedaling speed (e.g. 20 rev/min (to be finalized through pilot tests) and power level (set by heart rate to require appr ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org
Robotic Pedaling Therapy for Targeted Neural Plasticity