“Avoiding Diabetes After Pregnancy Trial in Moms”
Mothers with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) represent a population at higher risk of future Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is preventable through lifestyle modification. Yet, no formal prevention programs exist for this population. The postpartum period is a particularly vulnerable period for weight gain and unhealthy lifestyle in new mothers due to their competing demands of childcare and breastfeeding. This important time period may thus represent a 'window of opportunity' for women with previous GDM, whereby interventions to improve their lifestyle can be offered. Eligible women will be recruited during pregnancy from four hospitals and invited to participate in a home-based lifestyle intervention program starting from three to six months postpartum. This pilot study will investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of a physical activity and diet intervention. It will also explore the relationship between behaviour change and metabolic markers of T2DM in this high-risk population. Investigators hypothesize that the ADAPT-M program will be feasible and will be associated with an improvement in metabolic T2DM markers, as well as a high rate of satisfaction, adherence, and effectiveness.
Behavioral - Home-based Physical Activity Program with Health Coach
This arm will receive either a trained CDE or R. Kin as a health coach and a home-based physical activity program for 6 months. Health coaches will provide one-on-one motivational interviewing (MI) and goal-setting, and will account for baseline fitness, resources, childcare, and breastfeeding, to be undertaken at participants' homes or in their communities. Prescriptions will be based on minimum recommendations for moderate-intensity exercise for postpartum women. Participants will maintain at ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org
Behavioral - Home-based Low-GI Diet Program with Health Coach
This arm will receive a trained CDE health coach and a home-based low-GI diet program for 6 months. Health coaches will provide baseline education during a one-on-one visit and use MI to introduce the dietary intervention. Low GI education will be layered on top of current standard care, which asks women to consume a diet comprised of 45-65% carbohydrates (25 g of dietary fibre), 10-30% protein, and 25-35% fat. As per standard care at the DEPs, this intake will be divided into 3 meals and 2 to 4 ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org
Avoiding Diabetes After Pregancy Trial in Moms (ADAPT-M): Pilot, Feasibility and Effectiveness Phases