“Wheelchair Cushion Comparison Study: SAFETY”
Purpose: To examine the safety of the use of two wheelchair cushions for healthy individuals with intact sensation and individuals post stroke and spinal cord injury with impaired sensation. The new Ease Alternating Pressure wheelchair cushion will be compared to a static air cushion to examine interface pressure and skin responses in the areas of the buttock and posterior thighs when subjects sit without moving (static condition) and during upper extremity reaching activities (active condition). In addition, comfort, ease of transfer, and postural stability will be monitored while sitting on both cushions under both static and active conditions.
Device - Static air cushion
The Roho static air cushion is composed of multiple air bladders that are inflated to proper levels according to the individual's weight. This cushion is commonly used for individuals post spinal cord injury and sometime for individuals post stroke. The Roho wheelchair cushion is 510(k) exempt.
Device - Alternating air wheelchair cushion
The Ease alternating air cushion has longitudinal air bladders which alternately inflate and deflate at 3 minutes intervals in order to change the areas of pressure to the skin for areas in contact with the wheelchair cushion/seat (buttock and posterior thighs). The Ease Alternating Pressure wheelchair cushion is 510(k) exempt.
Comparison of the Safety of an Alternating-air-pressure and a Static Air Wheelchair Cushion for Healthy Adults and Adults With Spinal Cord Injury or Post-stroke