Clinical Trial

Microvascular and Fibrosis Imaging Study

Study Description

Microvascular and Fibrosis Imaging Study

In this study, Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF), Laser Doppler Imaging (LDI), Orthogonal Polarization Spectral Imaging (OPSI), Nail fold video capillaroscopy (NVC) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) will be used to assess differences in microvascular function and density of oral mucosa and skin in subjects with 1) autoimmune diseases with cutaneous involvement: systemic sclerosis (SSc), morphea, dermatomyositis, cutaneous lupus and vasculitis, 2) sickle cell disease (SCD) and 3) chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) compared to healthy subjects. The microvascular changes will be compared to overall treatment response in patients with scleroderma and chronic GVHD as assessments will be made before and after the patients start treatment for their diseases and determine if these imaging techniques provide valuable and reproducible data when assessing a patient's response to treatment for those diseases. In addition, the application of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) in determining cutaneous thickness in patients with SSc, GVHD and morphea will be evaluated. The investigators hypothesize that the vascular and dermal structures are altered in patients with autoimmune disease, SCD and chronic GVHD. In addition, they hypothesize that imaging modalities such as LDF, LDI, OCT, NVC, OPSI and ARFI can quantify such structural alterations and can be used to 1) detect early disease activity, 2) quantify and assess response to therapy and 3) quantify and correlate with overall disease activity.

Location

Locations Selected Location

Methods

No pharmaceutical medication involved No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI)

Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF)

Laser Doppler Perfusion Imaging (LDI)

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

Orthogonal Polarization Spectral Imaging (OPSI)

Nail fold video capillaroscopy (NVC)

Additional Information

Official Study Title

Mechanistic Study: Non-Invasive Cutaneous Microvascular and Fibrosis Imaging of Patients With Systemic Sclerosis, Sickle Cell Disease and Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) Compared to Healthy Subjects

Clinical Trial ID

NCT01758250

ParticipAid ID

Le36rd