“Choline Supplementation During Pregnancy: Impact on Attention and Social Withdrawal”
The goal is to determine if providing a nutritional supplement, phosphatidylcholine, to pregnant women improves early brain development with improved brain-related development during the first four years of life. Participating pregnant women will receive either phosphatidylcholine or a placebo from approximately 16 weeks gestation through birth. The primary outcome is the child's behavior at four years of age as reported by the primary caregiver. Secondary outcomes include motor development, socio-emotional development, language development, and cognitive development. Potential contributors beyond the supplement, including maternal stress and placental function will also be assessed.
Drug - Choline
Mothers are instructed to take the capsules twice a day, five 450 mg phosphatidylcholine capsules at breakfast and five phosphatidylcholine 450 mg capsules at dinner.
Dietary Supplement - Placebo
Mothers are instructed to take the capsules twice a day, five placebo corn oil capsules at breakfast and five placebo corn oil capsules at dinner.
Double-blind Trial of Phosphatidylcholine Supplementation During Pregnancy: Impact on Attention and Social Withdrawal at 4 Years of Age