“Can Early Initiation of Rehabilitation With Wearable Sensor Technology Improve Outcomes in mTBI?”
Every year 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the United States and of these, 84 % are considered mild TBI (mTBI). mTBI is common both in civilian and military populations and can be debilitating if symptoms do not resolve after injury. Balance problems are one of the most common complaints after sustaining a mTBI and often prevent individuals from returning to their previous quality of life. However, the investigators currently lack clear guidelines on when to initiate physical therapy rehabilitation and it is unclear if early physical therapy is beneficial. The investigators believe that the underlying problem of imbalance results from damage to parts of the brain responsible for interpreting sensory information for balance control. The investigators hypothesize that retraining the brain early, as opposed to months after injury, to correctly interpret sensory information will improve recovery. The investigators also believe this retraining is limited when rehabilitation exercises are performed incorrectly, and that performance feedback from wearable sensors, can improve balance rehabilitation. There are three objectives of this study: 1) to determine how the timing of rehabilitation affects outcomes after mTBI; 2) to determine if home monitoring of balance exercises using wearable sensors improves outcomes; and 3) to develop a novel feedback system using wearable sensors to provide the physical therapist information, in real-time during training, about quality of head and trunk movements during prescribed exercises. The findings from this research could be very readily adopted into military protocols for post-mTBI care and have the potential to produce better balance rehabilitation and quality of life for mTBI patients and their families.
Behavioral - Rehabilitation
Participants will see a physiotherapist one-on-one twice per week for 2 weeks and once per week for 4 weeks for a total of 6 weeks. These sessions will consist of cardio, cervical flexion exercises and vestibule-ocular exercises for one hour. Participants will also have similar daily home exercises to complete for approximately 30 minutes. Both the one-on-one physiotherapy and home exercises will be individualized and progressive in the sense that each exercise can increase in the level of diffi ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org
Sensory Integration Balance Deficits in Complex mTBI: Can Early Initiation of Rehabilitation With Wearable Sensor Technology Improve Outcomes?