Clinical Trial

Bright Light on Co-Occurring Cancer-Related Symptoms

Study Description

Effects of Bright Light on Co-occurring Cancer-related Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors

This study will implement therapeutic bright light that is tailored to the individual's circadian typology and will estimate its effects on circadian rhythms, 4 common cancer-associated symptoms, and impact on quality of life in survivors living with cancer. Examining a selected phase marker (core body temperature) in relation to the associated clinical features (symptoms) is the starting point for future investigation of the biological mechanisms of symptoms.

Location

Locations Selected Location

Methods

No pharmaceutical medication involved No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Diagnostic Test - Polysomnography (PSG)

Sleep patterns will be measured by in-lab PSG following a standardized protocol. 10mm silver/silver chloride electroencephalogram (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) electrodes and 11mm silver/silver chloride electroculography (EOG) electrodes will be connected to a Nihon Kohden system, 912 model (Nihon Kohden, Irvine, CA). A standard sleep montage following the 10/20 procedure for electrode placement, left and right electrooculography referenced to the opposite mastoid and mentalis electromyograph ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org

Diagnostic Test - Rectal thermistor 400 Series

Nocturnal core body temperature will be measured using a rectal thermistor 400 series manufactured by YSI (Yellow Springs, OH, USA) inserted up to a depth of 7 cm. and taped in place. The thermistor will be connected to a Model 4600 thermometer (YSI, Yellow Springs, OH, USA) that will be interfaced with the PSG via cabling. Core temperature readings will be continuously monitored and recorded every 5 minutes during the all-night sleep studies.

Bright blue-green light

-The cap visor-mounted device controls the distance of the light exposure, and positions the light source above eye level to target on the lower retina for better effect

Dim red light

-The cap visor-mounted device controls the distance of the light exposure, and positions the light source above eye level to target on the lower retina for better effect

Diagnostic Test - Digital foot candle datalogging light meter

On 2 random days during the 2-week bright light treatment, ambient light will be recorded continuously during waking hours using a digital foot candle datalogging light meter (Extech Instruments, Waltham, MA) Model SDL400. The 7.1" x 2.9" x 1.0" light meter (12.21 oz) has the capacity to measure up to 10,000 footcandles (accuracy: ± 4% reading). The light-weight light sensor is approximately 2 inches in diameter and comes with a clip and strap that makes it comfortable to wear just below the ne ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org

Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-Cancer-Fatigue

8 items with a 5-point rating scale (1=not at all to 5 =very much) measuring fatigue experience and fatigue impact. Higher scores indicate worse fatigue. PROMIS-Fatigue was developed based on rigorous methodologies. The psychometric properties have been established across chronic illnesses including cancer.

Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-Sleep Disturbance

8 items with 5-point rating scales measuring overall sleep and sleep-related impairments. Higher scores indicate worse sleep disturbances. Validity was supported by moderate to high correlations with the existing scales, e.g. PSQI, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). The scores significantly differed participants with and without sleep disorders.

Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-Depression

8 items with 5-point rating scales (1=never to 5=always) measuring affective and cognitive manifestations of depressive mood. Higher scores indicate worse depression. In a sample of depressed outpatients, PROMIS-Depression showed greater reliability when compared to the CES-D and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Convergent validity with the CES-D and PHQ-9 was supported by strong correlations, ranged 0.72 to 0.84

Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-Physical Function

8 items with 5-point rating scales measuring the individual's ability to complete daily activities. Higher scores indicate worse functioning. Validity was tested in 1,415 adults with diverse clinical conditions. The PROMIS Physical Function scores corresponded to the expected positive or negative changes in the individual's physical function.

Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)

19 self-report items measuring sleep quality, latency, duration, efficiency, disturbance, medication use, and daytime dysfunction. Each item is rated on a 0-3 rating scale. The global PSQI score ranges 0-21, with higher scores indicating more severe sleep disturbance. A global PSQI score greater than 5 was found to have a sensitivity of 89.6% and a specificity of 86.5% in differentiating good and poor sleepers.

Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression

20-item self-report instrument commonly used to measure depressive symptoms in cancer patients. Each item is rated on a 4-point rating scale (0=rarely or none of the time to 3=all of the time) describing the frequency of occurrence during the past week. Score can range from 0-60, with higher scores indicating more depressive symptoms.

Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)

The MoCA is highly sensitive for screening patient with mild cognitive impairment. The MoCA is a 30-point scale with 7 cognitive subtests: visuo-executive, naming, attention, language, abstraction, delayed recall, and orientation. It scores from 0 to 30, where higher scores indicate better cognition and a score below 26 indicates cognitive impairment. The MoCA is highly sensitive for screening patient with mild cognitive impairment.

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30)

The EORTC QLQ-C30 consists of 30 items with a 4-point rating scale (1=not at all to 4=very much) measuring functioning, symptom intensity, and global health status/quality of life during the past week.

Daily Log

-A log where the participants will indicate date, wake time, sleep time answer 3 questions regarding the previous nights sleep (answers range from 1=not at all to 5=very much), have an area to indicate if naps occurred during the day, and 2 questions about fatigue & sleepiness (answers ranging from 0=no fatigue/sleepiness to 10=worst fatigue/sleepiness

Additional Information

Official Study Title

Effects of Bright Light on Co-occurring Cancer-related Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Personalized Intervention

Clinical Trial ID

NCT03304587

ParticipAid ID

Rb4O2a