“Lipid Challenge in Lean and Obese Adults”
Participants in this study will have one visit to the Emory University Hospital Clinical Research Unit. Participants will consume, over 5 minutes, a single standardized fat challenge (100 grams), using a commercially available liquid high-energy long chain triglyceride fat emulsion (Calogen), which provides 50 grams of long chain triglycerides per 100 mL. Participants will have 20 mL blood withdrawn at six successive time points over an 8-hour period, where the first time point after fasting (baseline) is followed by 5 time-points after fat consumption. Blood will be analyzed for a wide panel of blood lipids.
Dietary Supplement - Lipid Challenge
After fasting for 10 hours, all participants will undergo a lipid challenge with Calogen. Calogen is a commercially available liquid high-energy long chain triglyceride fat emulsion used to fortify foods. Calogen provides 50 grams of long chain triglycerides per 100 mL. Participants must avoid physical activity during the 6 hour study period to avoid changes in metabolism that could affect the results of the study.
Measurements of Lipoproteins, Apolipoproteins and Lipids - Determination of Pre-analytical Variables for Analysis of Blood Collected From Fasting and Post-prandial Subjects