Clinical Trial

Tobacco Cessation for Sexual Minorities

Study Description

Tobacco Cessation for Sexual Minorities

There is a growing body of evidence revealing disproportionately higher rates of tobacco use among sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals, compared to their heterosexual peers. These disparities have led organizations to support the inclusion of SGM in all local, state, and national tobacco prevention and control activities. In an attempt to leverage the online milieu for health-related interventions, mobile apps have been created to support tobacco cessation. However, evidence-based apps promoted by the National Cancer Institute are unpopular, remain poorly supported, and were not studied for use by SGM persons. Commercial apps, on the other hand, have been downloaded millions of times, contain many valuable features, and enjoy better infrastructure. Unfortunately, they are not evidence-based and have not been rigorously tested. The University of Pittsburgh (Pitt) is currently conducting a randomized controlled trial to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using the Kwit tobacco cessation app with patients at UPMC Montefiore and Presbyterian hospitals (PI: Chu). It is a pragmatic clinical trial applying a patient-centered outcomes framework to ensure thata?"rather than focusing only on successful cessationa?"the study includes measurements for quality of life, mobility, and social interactions. We propose to extend the study to underrepresented SGM young adults. Survey measures will be adapted as needed to address issues specific to the SGM population.


Locations Selected Location


No pharmaceutical medication involved No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Kwit smartphone app

The Kwit smartphone app combines several popular features of tobacco cessation apps, including game-like features (e.g., unlocking achievement milestones for completing cessation-related tasks), useful statistics (e.g., money saved), and an ability to share progress with friends. Users can actively engage with the app to track cravings or view progress, such as life expectancy gained. A passive component notifies users when milestones have been achieved, e.g., when blood no longer contains nicot more on

Additional Information

Official Study Title

Tobacco Cessation for Sexual Minorities

Clinical Trial ID


ParticipAid ID