Clinical Trial

Neuroimmune System in PTSD

Study Description

Neuroimmune System in PTSD

In this study, individuals with and without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) will undergo one positron emission tomography (PET) scan using the radiotracer [11C]PBR28, which binds to the 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO). A subset of individuals who complete the first PET [11C]PBR28 scan will be invited to complete an inflammatory challenge and second PET [11C]PBR28 scan. Approximately 3 hours prior to the second [11C]PBR28 PET scan, lipopolysaccharide (LPS; endotoxin) will be administered to evoke a robust neuroimmune response. Subjects will also undergo behavioral and cognitive testing. Vital signs, subjective response, and peripheral biomarker levels will be assayed periodically throughout the experimental session. Specific aims: 1) Determine if individuals with PTSD exhibit neuroimmune system disruption relative to well-matched comparators at baseline. 2) Determine if individuals with PTSD exhibit a disrupted neuroimmune response after a classical immune stimulus relative to well-matched comparators. 3) Determine if LPS differentially alters cognitive function, subjective response, or physiological markers in individuals with PTSD compared to well-matched comparators. Hypothesis: Individuals with PTSD will exhibit a suppressed neuroimmune system at baseline and an attenuated neuroimmune response following LPS challenge.

Location

Locations Selected Location

Methods

Pharmaceutical medication involved Pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Drug - Lipopolysaccharide

LPS will be administered intravenously (1.0ng/kg; IV)

Additional Information

Official Study Title

Imaging the Neuroimmune System in PTSD With PET

Clinical Trial ID

NCT04236986

ParticipAid ID

b68DQe