“Jail-Based Use of Smoking Cessation Treatment Study”
Smoking rates remain above 60% for individuals involved in the criminal justice system and contribute to elevated mortality rates in this population. Addressing smoking disparities among justice-involved individuals is a critical public health issue in Minnesota, one of a few states with rising incarceration rates. People who are incarcerated represent the intersection of multiple high-priority populations (disproportionately African-American, Native American, low-income, homeless, on Medicaid, and suffering from mental illness and substance use disorders). This study examines the impact of a smoking cessation intervention for individuals discharged from jail to the community on smoking abstinence. Participants will be randomized to either 1) guideline-based, in-person smoking cessation counseling during incarceration, telephone counseling after incarceration, and nicotine replacement, or 2) enhanced treatment as usual. This study's findings will be used to develop a larger, multi-site study that is fully powered to measure longer-term health and smoking cessation outcomes.
Drug - Nicotine Replacement Therapy
All participants randomized to the JUST group will receive training on proper use of nicotine lozenges to aid in smoking cessation. Upon release from jail, participants will receive 2mg nicotine lozenges.
Behavioral - Counseling
All participants randomized to the JUST group will receive one hour of in-person, individual, guideline-based smoking cessation counseling during their jail stay. Upon release from jail, they will receive four 30-minute counseling phone calls over 3 weeks. These phone calls will take place at 24 hours, day 7, day 14, and day 20.
Reducing Tobacco-Related Health Disparities Among Incarcerated Individuals in Hennepin County