“Amoxicillin Challenge for Penicillin Allergy Diagnosis”
False diagnosis of penicillin allergy are frequently reported, and have been proven detrimental to patients. Current guidelines for the assessment of drug allergies recommend that penicillin allergy be evaluated first with prick and intradermal skin tests, and then completed with a graded oral challenge, spread over at least two doses. However, it has been shown that these skin tests, in addition to consuming resources and time, are of limited, or even doubtful validity, given the poor predictive values that have been reported in the modern penicillins era. It now seems unreasonable to continue their use without addressing other, more efficient diagnostic stategies. Several groups have now demonstrated the safety, validity, and efficiency of a direct, two-step amoxicillin oral challenge (starting with 10% of the standard therapeutic dose, followed by 90 % of the dose), without prior skin tests, first for any type of reaction in the pediatric population, then for any non-immediate reaction in the adult population. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the safety, efficiency, and validity of direct, two-step graded oral challenge with amoxicillin for the evaluation of any reported penicillin allergy in the adult population, excluding high-risk patients (documented anaphylaxis to a penicillin in the last 5 years). Skin tests will first be performed according to the protocol currently in use at the CHUL, then consented patients will proceed with the graded oral challenge still according to the protocol currently in use at the CHUL, but regardless of the skin tests results. The results of the two tests will be compared to determine the safety, efficiency and validity of proceeding directly to the graded oral challenge.
Diagnostic Test - Penicillin Skin Testing
Skin test protocol: prick skin tests (penicilloyl-polylysine 0.000012 mol/0.05 mL, penicillin G 10,000 U/mL, penoate 10,000 U/mL, ampicillin 100 mg/mL, amoxicillin 71 mg/mL, histamine/positive control, diluent/negative control), then intradermal skin tests (penicilloyl-polylysine 0.000012 mol/0.05 mL, penicillin G 10,000 U/mL, penoate 10,000 U/mL, ampicillin 1 mg/mL, diluent/negative control), administered as an intradermal injection of a standardized volume of 0.02 mL. Graded oral challenge wit ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org
Safety, Validity and Efficiency of a Direct Graded Oral Challenge With Amoxicillin for the Evaluation of Penicillin Allergy in Adults