“Muscle Activity and Kinematic Changes With Dry Needling”
This study assesses the effects of dry needling with electrical stimulation to the low back on muscle activity and changes in movement. The investigators hypothesize that dry needling and electrical stimulation will elicit changes in muscle activity as well as changes in movement.
Dry needling with electrical stimulation
Paravertebral dry needling to L3, 4, 5 multifidi. Electrical stimulation will be applied through the needles for up to 10 minutes total or to the participant's tolerance.
Changes in Muscle Activity, Squat, and Gait Kinematics After Dry Needling Treatment of the Low Back: A Pilot Study