“Imagery Enhanced Cognitive Bias Modification for Chronic Worry”
People who experience high levels of worry often have mental habits that fuel their worry. One mental habit of interest to researchers is the tendency to assess situations and experiences in a very negative way even when it is possible the situation may turn out to be neutral or even positive. Cognitive bias modification of interpretations (CBM-I) is a training that is designed to target the tendency to catastrophize and jump to negative conclusions when faced with ambiguous information. CBM-I has been shown to improve this habit as well as anxiety and low mood. In this experiment, the investigators are looking to enhance CBM-I for pathological worry. Specifically, the investigators are testing the immediate and short-term effects of using imagery when completing CBM-I.
Behavioral - Standard cognitive bias modification
Participants will be asked to repeatedly listen to descriptions of ambiguous scenarios that resolve positively and answer one question following each scenario that reinforces the positive interpretation; participants will listen to 60 scenarios/day for 7 days.
Behavioral - Imagery enhanced cognitive bias modification
Participants will be asked to imagine themselves as though they are actively involved in the scenarios that they listen to. This condition will be required to answer two questions following each scenario; one that reinforces the positive interpretation and another that promotes engagement with imagery. Participants will listen to 60 scenarios/day for 7 days.
Behavioral - Neutral Control Condition
Participants will be asked to listen to descriptions of neutral (i.e., non-emotional) scenarios. This condition will also be required to answer one comprehension question following each scenario. Participants will listen to 60 scenarios/day for 7 days.
Imagery Enhanced Cognitive Bias Modification for Chronic Worry