“Skin Characteristics of Parents of Food Allergic Pediatric Patients”
The purpose of this study is to determine whether disruptions in the skin barrier of parents can contribute to the development of food allergies in their offspring. The study team will compare the superficial skin layers of mothers and fathers who do not have children with diagnosed food allergies to the skin layers of parents who do have children with diagnosed food allergy. The study will include a questionnaire, noninvasive superficial skin testing with skin tapping and transepidermal water loss measurements, and a blood draw.
Diagnostic Test - Skin tape stripping
Adhesive skin sampling discs will be firmly pressed against the skin in a hairless location (not the face) followed by lifting it free of the skin. Tape stripping will be collected from non-lesional skin up to 30 times. These discs will then be used to evaluate proteins and lipids. With every 5 tape strips collected, transepidermal water loss measurements will be performed.
Device - Skin barrier assessment
A small device will be used to measure transepidermal water loss (TEWL), which is the quantity of water that passes from inside the body through the skin to the surrounding atmosphere via diffusion and evaporation process. The device, a probe, is simply placed against the skin surface making superficial contact and kept there for a few seconds until the measurement terminates. This will be performed at baseline and after every 5 tape strips.
Diagnostic Test - Blood draw
Subjects will undergo genetic testing of FLG mutation status (5mL of whole blood in lavender top tube) and vitamin D level (2mL of whole blood in red top tube) via blood draw.
Skin Characteristics of Parents of Food Allergic Pediatric Patients