“Factor Replacement in Surgery”
This is a multicentre, randomized, active-control, pragmatic, Phase 2 pilot study in adult cardiac surgery patients. Two Canadian hospitals will participate, and it is estimated that the study will take approximately 9 months to complete. Approximately 120 bleeding adult cardiac surgical patients who require coagulation factor replacement during cardiac surgery will be included. Patients will be randomized to receive either PCC or FP when the blood bank receives the first order for coagulation factor replacement and deems it to be in accordance with accepted clinical standards. Patients will be treated according to their assigned group on the first and second times when coagulation factor replacement is ordered during the treatment period (24 hours after randomization). For any additional doses (i.e., the third dose and thereafter), patients in both groups will receive FP (in 1U increments at the discretion of the ordering physician). No other aspects of care will be modified. This pilot study aims to select a clinically relevant primary efficacy endpoint for a confirmative Phase 3 study, which will subsequently aim to determine if PCC is non-inferior or superior to FP in terms of effica-cy and safety in bleeding cardiac surgical patients. In the pilot study, safety outcomes will be measured for the first 28 days, which is the duration of participation of each patient in the trial.
Biological - Prothrombin Complex Concentrate
Octaplex will be administered when the blood bank receives an order for coagulation factor replacement
Biological - Frozen Plasma
Frozen Plasma will be administered when the blood bank receives an order for coagulation factor replacement
Prothrombin Complex Concentrate Versus Frozen Plasma in Bleeding Adult Cardiac Surgical Patients: A Multicentre, Randomized, Active-control, Pragmatic, Phase 2 Pilot Study