“Metabolic Availability of Methionine and Lysine From Rice, Wheat, Chickpea and Lentil in Adult Men”
The research study is being done so we can determine the quality of the protein present in Rice, Wheat, Chickpeas and Lentils. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and protein quality is determined by the amount of amino acids present and by their bioavailability (their absorption and use by the body). Some amino acids are essential which means they must be obtained from the diet. If any one of the essential amino acids is missing in the diet, the body cannot make proteins that are used to repair tissue build bone, teeth, etca?| Rice, Wheat, Chickpeas and Lentils as a food source contain low amounts of the essential amino acid methionine (Chickpeas and Lentils) and lysine (Rice and Wheat) which makes its protein incomplete. The amino acids in Rice, Wheat, Chickpeas and Lentils are also affected by cooking. Our objective is to determine the amount of methionine in Rice and Wheat and the amount of lysine in Chickpeas and Lentils that the body can use. This research is being done in order to bridge the gap between knowledge of protein requirement and the amount of food needed to meet that requirement. Results from this study will be important for recommendations guiding food choices of Rice, Wheat, Chickpeas and Lentils as a major protein source in the diet. Previously the quality of dietary protein for human consumption was studied in animals. This study is being done in humans because studies in animals are not always directly applicable to humans. Plant protein sources like rice, wheat, chickpeas and lentils are important protein sources shown to "enhance ecosystem resilience, and improve human health.
Dietary Supplement - Dietary Intakes
Four levels of methionine or lysine intakes will be provided by the reference protein drinks, 3 levels of methionine from rice and wheat bread and 3 levels of lysine from chickpeas and lentils
Application of the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Technique for the Determination of Metabolic Availability of Methionine and Lysine From Rice, Wheat, Chickpeas and Lentils, in Healthy Young Adult Men