“Effects of Brain-stimulation on Metamemory Monitoring and Control”
Sometimes when people fail to recall information, they nevertheless have a feeling-of-knowing that the sought after information resides in their memory. These subjective feelings often correlate with later memory, but sometimes feeling of knowing judgments are incorrect (i.e., people have a feeling-of-knowing but don't remember the information later or lave a low feeling-of-knowing and remember the information later. The investigators have previously shown that applying high definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex leads to more accurate feeling-of-knowing judgments. Accurate feeling-of-knowing judgments are useful in that they may later subsequent behavior. For example, individuals who have a feeling-of-knowing about the answer to a general knowledge question will continue to search their memory, whereas individuals who do not have a feeling-of-knowing will stop searching their memory. In this experiment, the investigators test the hypothesis that improving memory awareness via HD-tDCS over the DLPFC leads to improved control of memory. The approach taken is to have participants visit the lab on 3 separate occasions where they receive 3 different HD-tDCS protocols while completing a feeling-of-knowing, metamemory control, and recognition tasks: HD-tDCS over the DLPFC during the feeling-of-knowing task, HD-tDCS over the DLPFC after the feeling-of-knowing task, and sham HD-tDCS during the feeling-of-knowing task. To test metamemory control, participants are asked to select a subset of general knowledge questions that they would like to receive a hint about the answer. The expectation is that if individuals make more accurate feeling-of-knowing judgments, then they will make better choices about which items they would like to receive a hint for, thereby improving their overall memory performance.
Device - HD-tDCS
Participants will complete a metamemory and memory task
Effects of Brain-stimulation on the Feeling-of-knowing and Hint Choices