“CALM Pregnancy: Feasibility of Calm for Pregnant Women”
The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of using a consumer-based mindfulness app, Calm, to reduce stress during pregnancy. Women will be randomly assigned to an intervention group (i.e., Calm) or standard care group and asked to participate in at least 10 minutes of daily meditation for the duration of their pregnancy (i.e., 12-weeks' gestation up to date of birth). Aim #1: Determine the feasibility (acceptability and demand) of using the Calm app at least 10-minutes per day for the duration of pregnancy (i.e., 12-weeks' gestation up to date of birth). Acceptability will be measured with an investigator-developed satisfaction survey. Demand will be measured using time spent in meditation and meditations used (tracked by Calm). For the intervention group, the benchmarks will be as follows: 1. Acceptability (i.e., satisfaction) 70% (n=34) of participants will report a 75% satisfaction, 2. Demand (i.e., time spent in meditation and meditations used,) 70% (n=34) of participants will adhere to a?Y75% of prescribed meditation using Calm. Aim #2: Determine the preliminary effects of using Calm at least 10-minutes per day for the duration of pregnancy (i.e., 12-16 weeks' gestation to date of birth) on stress. Stress will be measured using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) at baseline (i.e., 12-16-weeks' gestation) and every four weeks for the duration of the intervention using Ecological Momentary Assessment (i.e., text message). Stress will also be measured using cortisol serum at baseline (i.e., 12-16-weeks' gestation), and 32 weeks' gestation. Exploratory Aim #3: The investigators will explore the preliminary effects of using Calm at least 10-minutes per day for the duration of pregnancy (i.e., 12-16 weeks' gestation to date of birth) on gestational age of birth, fetal weight, APGAR scores (i.e., health score), and neonatal complications with time spent in neonatal intensive unit (if applicable).
Behavioral - Calm App
Calm is a subscription-based meditation app which provides guided meditations, sleep stories, soundscapes and calming music. Calm offers 7 Days of Calm for those new to meditation, the daily Calm, a meditation posted daily and a library of unique 10-12 minute meditations with topics related to acceptance, anxiety, self-compassion, and physical pain (to name a few).
CALM Pregnancy: Feasibility of Mindfulness-based Prenatal Stress Reduction Using a Smart Phone Meditation Application