“The Effectiveness of Biofeedback for Individuals With Long-term Post-concussive Symptoms”
Most concussions resolve within 7-10 days, but approximately 40% of individuals do not fully recover and suffer from persistent post-concussive symptoms. This 8-week intervention study will evaluate the efficacy of heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback and neurofeedback on reducing the number and severity of concussion symptoms.
Device - Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback
HRV biofeedback constitutes initial training with the android device and application, and HRV training performed at home. This training will occur twice daily, and each session will take five minutes.
Device - Neurofeedback
LORETA Z-Score neurofeedback training will occur three times per week with a trained study investigator.
The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback and Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback for Individuals With Long-term Post-concussive Symptoms