Clinical Trial

Augmented Exercise Pressor Reflex in Hypertension

Study Description

The Role of Aldosterone on Augmented Exercise Pressor Reflex in Hypertension

Hypertensive patients often show an exaggerated rise in blood pressure during exercise through overactivity of the exercise pressor reflex. An increasing body of evidence suggests a role for aldosterone in augmenting the exercise pressor reflex in hypertensive humans. We hypothesize that this effect of aldosterone is mediated by its direct action on the central nervous system and that administration of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists constitute an effective treatment for EPR overactivity in hypertension, independent of reductions in resting BP.

Location

Locations Selected Location

Methods

Pharmaceutical medication involved Pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Drug - Eplerenone

The subject will be started on Eplerenone (Inspra) 50-200mg daily, which he or she will continue for a period of 8 weeks. Following the 8-week treatment period, the procedures listed below will be performed. After completion of the study procedures, the medication will be discontinued

Drug - Amlodipine

The subject will be started on Amlodipine (Norvasc) 2.5 -10mg daily, which he or she will continue for a period of 8 weeks. Following the 8-week treatment period, the procedures listed below will be performed. After completion of the study procedures, the medication will be discontinued.

Procedure - Microneurography

Investigators will measure sympathetic nerve activity from the peroneal nerve by inserting a tiny needle directly into the nerve in the leg. Investigators will localize the nerve by electrical stimulation over the skin using a blunt probe. With this stimulation, subject will notice either involuntary twitching or a tingling sensation, which may be annoying but not painful. Investigators will then introduce a tiny, sterile wire needle (an electrode) through the skin at the same location. When the ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org

Procedure - Rhythmic handgrip exercise

Subjects will perform a rhythmic handgrip exercise at 30% or 45% of maximal voluntary contraction for 3 minutes. Investigators will measure cardiac output (non-invasive impedance plethysmography), blood pressure, and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) at baseline and following this handgrip exercise

Procedure - Sustained hand grip

Subjects will perform a sustained handgrip exercise at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction for 3 minutes. Investigators will measure cardiac output (non-invasive impedance plethysmography), blood pressure, and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) at baseline and following this handgrip exercise.

Procedure - Forearm blood flow

Using high-resolution ultrasound, investigators will measure skeletal muscle blood flow in the forearm at rest, following sustained handgrip exercise

Procedure - Arm cycling exercise

Subjects will perform a cycling arm exercise with a stationary cycling device. Investigators will measure cardiac output (non-invasive impedance plethysmography), blood pressure, and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) at baseline and following this exercise.

Procedure - Cold Pressor test

Subjects will place hand in cold water with ice for 3 minutes. Investigators will measure cardiac output (non-invasive impedance plethysmography), blood pressure, and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) at baseline, during and 2 minutes after the test.

Additional Information

Official Study Title

The Role of Aldosterone on Augmented Exercise Pressor Reflex in Hypertension

Clinical Trial ID

NCT01996449

ParticipAid ID

nel2Jb