“Physiotherapy Program for Managing Adhesive Capsulitis in Patients With Diabetes”
This pilot randomized trial will compare the preliminary effect of a regular physiotherapy (PT) program to a regular PT combined with a progressive walking program (PT+) in patients with and without diabetes who have adhesive capsulitis. After signing the consent form, recruited participants will be randomized into either PT group (control) or PT+ group (experimental). Participants in both groups will be referred to a physical therapy facility. The intervention will be chosen by treating physical therapist. In PT+ group, participants will also be asked to perform free walking at their own pace. Outcomes measures for the primary outcome (shoulder functional performance) will be evaluated at baseline and after 6 weeks. Secondary outcomes (shoulder ROM, pain and function, muscle strength, and physical activity level) will be evaluated at baseline, at 3 and 6 weeks, and again at 12 weeks after enrolment. We expect adding a progressive walking program to regular PT will result in better outcomes.
Physical Therapy program
The physical therapy program will be chosen by the treating therapist. However, the most common physiotherapy interventions include therapeutic exercises, joint mobilization techniques and electrotherapy.
Physiotherapy Program for Managing Adhesive Capsulitis in Patients With Diabetes: A Pilot Randomized Trial